Safety evaluation and risk assessment of electronic cigarettes as tobacco cigarette substitutes: a systematic review

This systematic review appraises existing laboratory and clinical research on the potential risks from electronic cigarette use, compared with the well-established devastating effects of smoking tobacco cigarettes.

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Published: 2014 By: Konstantinos E. Farsalinos (Greece) , Onassis Cardiac Surgery Center By: Riccardo Polosa (Italy) , Centro per la Prevenzione e Cura del Tabagismo (CPCT) and Institute of Internal Medicine, Università di Catania
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